Autumn mountain specialties in Vietnam [Top 4]

Autumn mountain specialties in Vietnam

Autumn mountain specialties in Vietnamis the main raw material to cure diseases such as: stagnation causing abdominal distention, flatulence, diarrhea, stagnation in the postpartum period, not producing all postpartum secretions, causing gas flukes, abdominal pain, indigestion …

Star anise

Star anise harvest

Star anise is a plant with high economic value. To ensure effective cultivation of star anise, it is necessary to have sustainable farming techniques to both enhance productivity and quality, as well as contribute to the protection and development of star anise forest.

 

The best time to harvest star anise is March-April, August-September of the solar calendar. When harvesting, people should use hands or hooks to pick each fruit, and limit breaking branches in order not to affect the fruit of the next crop.

 

By good care and proper technique, star anise can be a high and stable yield, which can last from 20 to 80 years. Cultivation cycle can be up to 90-100 years.

 

Star anise storage and processing

 

After harvesting, the fruit should be dried immediately, because it is easy to mold. You can also dip them in boiling water for a few minutes to kill the yeast before drying. With this method, the fruit has a nice red color, but the essential oil content is slightly reduced. Usually, every 100 kg of fresh fruit after drying will give about 25-30 kg of dry fruit.

 

Star anise is commonly consumed as a dried fruit or an essential oil product. Essential oils can be stored when the fruit is fresh or dried. Star anise essential oil can be distilled using simple, manual distillations, similar to distilling alcohol. The storage time can last from 18-24 hours. For high efficiency and quality of essential oils, it is necessary to use reflux steam continuous distillers with separate boilers.

 

On the market, star anise products are divided into 3 types:

Type 1 (Aniseed persimmon) fruit with 8 large, uniform petals, not flattened, red-brown color, short stalk (3-5 mm), not moldy. This is the best grade;

Type 2 (Aniseed) fruit has uneven wings, color of cockroach wings, some wings are flattened, crushed, broken;

Type 3 is the fruits that are young, crushed, flattened, dark brown in color. This is of poor quality.

 

Uses

 

Star anise has high economic value, is used as a spice, medicine, star anise essential oil is also seen a lot in the processing technology of aperitifs, liqueurs, soft drinks and candies. In addition, in traditional medicine, star anise is used as a drug that induces bowel movements, stimulates digestion, cures abdominal pain, relieves pain, reduces contractions in the stomach. In Western medicine, star anise essential oil is considered to have stimulants to enhance intestinal peristalsis, increase secretion of respiratory secretions, help digestion, relieve pain, eliminate phlegm. Star anise essential oil has antibacterial effects, inhibits the growth of tuberculosis bacteria and many other bacteria. Other bacteria should be used as an antiseptic. Star anise is also used in the production and processing of pesticides derived from herbs, killing lice, lice and some external parasites in cattle.

 

Macadamia Nuts

 

Macadamia harvest

 

Usually in Vietnam, in late August to mid-September, the fruit begins to ripen. In the Central Highlands, the harvest season for macadamia nuts is usually between July – September, and mainly August – September.

 

When you have seen inside the outer skin of the fruit and then you see speckled black dots, the peel begins to crack and gradually falls to the ground, it is time to harvest. You can gather from trees or collect from the ground. Farmers will harvest in a 4-week period, especially when the weather is wet and the pods have exposed cracks. If the harvest is delayed, it will reduce the flavor quality of the seeds.

 

Preserving macadamia nuts

 

After harvesting, you need to peel the macadamia nut within 24 hours, do not put it in sealed bags, which can cause fermentation and reduce the quality of the seeds. Farmers will immediately remove the damaged seeds to avoid the spreading to other seeds.

 

The next step is drying and sorting seeds by size

 

Cinnamon

 

With high cinnamon forest: 15-20 years after planting, harvest can begin. There are two seasons of cinnamon peeling: spring cinnamon peels in February-March providing the best quality, and autumn cinnamon peels in late July and early August.

 

Preservation of cinnamon products

 

After drying, arrange cinnamon bark neatly in boxes or bundles in plastic bags. Do not let the cinnamon bark break, it will reduce the quality of cinnamon. Cinnamon essential oil has the ability to corrode metal, the oil obtained after distillation should be stored in enameled or plastic food containers. The container for essential oils needs to be sealed, a thin layer of water can be placed on top to limit the evaporation of essential oils, and at the same time prevent contact with oxygen in the air. Both dried cinnamon bark and cinnamon essential oil should be stored in a cool, dry place and out of direct sunlight.

 

Not only used as a spice in many dishes, cinnamon is also considered as one of the four precious medicines.

 

Medlar 

 

The harvest of medlar is usually from July to September every year. Medlar is inherently a tree with strong vitality,  can be grown and develops very well in cool northwest climate, on average, each tree produces 40-55kg of fruit.

 

Medlars are harvested from the time they are about to ripe until fully ripe, when picked, they will be split horizontally or vertically, and then dried to preserve longer or used as an effective medicine. In addition, people also use medlar fruit to soak the wine with fresh fruit, the wine is grounded to keep the flavor.

 

Medlar is the main raw material to cure diseases such as: stagnation causing abdominal distention, flatulence, diarrhea, stagnation in the postpartum period, not producing all postpartum secretions, causing gas flukes, abdominal pain, indigestion …

Products from medlar fruit have the effect of increasing contractility and reducing excitability of the heart muscle, increasing the circulation of heart and cerebral blood vessels.In addition, the flowers and leaves of medlar have been clinically tested to improve heart function, regulate circulation and reduce stimulation to nerve cells.

 

So how to use medlar? We can use it alone or in combination with other herbs to increase the effectiveness of treatment. Bring the necessary ingredients to grind into a fine powder or make them into pellets for use, fresh medlar fruit can be used as a drink to help clear heat, detoxify, and detoxify.

 

Ngoc Linh ginseng leaves 

 

August, the perfect time to buy Ngoc Linh ginseng. After harvesting the fruit, Ngoc Linh ginseng growers often cut the leaves to sell in order to let the plant hibernate to feed the tubers.

 

To harvest Ngoc Linh Ginseng Leaves: usually around August, September, after harvesting the ginseng roots, people will cut the leaves to raise new ginseng crops and then let them hibernate early.

 

Some others do not cut leaves, but after harvesting the tubers, the leaves fall off by themselves, people bring those fresh leaves to dry again, then store them gradually.

 

How to use Ngoc Linh ginseng leaves:

 

Many people when starting to learn about Ngoc Linh ginseng leaves always ask the question: “How to use Ngoc Linh ginseng leaves to have maximum effect?”.

Currently, there are 2 most popular ways to use Ngoc Linh ginseng leaves: soaking in alcohol and making water for drinking.

 

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