1. Star anise
Missed tree, 6-10m high. The body is straight and big, smooth straight branches. It turns brownish brown when young. Leaves alternate, thick, thick, hard, brittle, glossy, 8-12cm long, 3-4cm wide, lanceolate or oblate eggs, slightly tapering, greener on the upper surface than the lower one. Flowers grow solitary in leaf axils, sometimes arranged 2-3; peduncle large and short; 5 white sepals with pink edges; 5-6 petals are equally dark pink. Double fruits include 6-8 great (sometimes more), arranged in star shape with a diameter of 2.5-3cm, young green, old dark brown, 10-15mm long each, with a short pointed tip at the top. Egg shaped beads, glossy ring.
1. Star anise seed – Fructus Anisi Stellati, often called the Octagon of Repatriation,
2. Star anise essential oil – Oleum Anisi Stellati.
Habitat and harvest:
Star anise is a plant of East Asia, present in some southern provinces of China (Guangxi, Guangdong) and northeastern provinces of Vietnam. Also grown in the Philippines and Jamaica. In our country, star anise is grown popularly in the northern districts of Lang Son province, some places in Cao Bang, and some other places in Bac Thai and Quang Ninh. In the months of 7-9 and 11-12, people harvest ripe fruits, bring the fruit into pieces to remove seeds, wash, dry in cool to dry. When using alcohol soaked (paper way) or salt water soaked through (paper way). People gather star anise to bring light sun to dry completely, then take away essential oils. Can also be stored from fresh fruits.
Star anise contains many essential oils, if distilled by the method of drawing steam from fresh star anise, the content reaches 3-3.5%, the essential oil is liquid, colorless or pale yellow, with a special aroma. The main constituent of star anise oil is anethol (80-90%); There are also arsenic, d-pinene, l-phellandren, safrol, terpineol, limonene. Star anise leaves also contain essential oils, but the freezing is slightly lower. Star anise seed is odorless, contains only fatty oil.
Star anise is spicy, sweet, fragrant, warm; Has the effect of eliminating phlegm, aperitifs, spleen (stimulating the digestive system), digesting, reducing contractions in the stomach and intestines, benefiting milk, clearing leprosy, reducing pain, disinfecting.
Uses, indications and coordination:
Often used to treat vomiting and diarrhea, bloating, flatulence colic (lower abdominal pain). Also use a lot of treatment, enuresis, fish poisoning, treat limbs aches and pains. On using 4-8g in the form of brake, decoction, or 1-4g in powdered form. People also use fruits soaked in alcohol to massage skin. Star anise leaf is used to treat snakebite (chew and swallow water, take up residue). Star anise is also used to make an aperitif, making aromatic toothpaste and spices. Star anise essential oil also has a stimulating effect, makes it easy to digest, prevents convulsions, inhibits the fermentation of the intestine, causes flatulence, expectorant and light diuretic, used to treat abdominal pain; It is a component of cough lozenges and rheumatoid massages, antiseptic, antiseptic, and dermatitis and scabies. Also used as a medicine to kill lice and bed bugs and as a component of pesticides for cattle.
Fennell is known to be a spice plant and is also a precious medicinal plant. Annual herbaceous plant with a smooth trunk 60-80cm tall or more, longitudinal groove; has cylindrical roots. Leaves have very well developed sheath, sawn blade 3 times feather, with small filaments; leaves of peppercorns reduced, not stemmed. Inflorescences on the tops, on the trunk and on the branches, double canopy of 5-15 small canopy; These canopy bearing 20-40 yellow flowers. Double-closing fruits rest on a split-stem stalk; the ovoid has 10 edges with 4 of them extending into a flattened edge.
Fruit – Fructus Anethi Graveolentis.
Habitat and harvest:
Fennel grows wild in southern Europe, some countries in North Africa. In our country there are dill grown in many places but mainly used as spices.
The leaf is a familiar spice vegetable, just embellish just made the fish vinegar soup, eel soup, snails; make delicious, and overwhelm the fishy smell.
The fruit is used to treat indigestion, hiccups, swallowing, vomiting, bloating, abdominal pain, Toothache, curing kidney inflammation, cystitis, atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, cerebral vascular sclerosis leading to Aches head;
Essential oils of the leaves and berries have a stimulating appetite and digestion.
The fruit of the spoon is similar to the star anise and anise.